February 1 | Alaska World Affairs Council | Evolutionary Psychology and Global Security
Peace and global security are human endeavors, and thus their attainment depends as much on psychology as it does on governance and technology. Dr. Bill von Hippel provides evidence and argument that our evolved psychology is an obstacle to achieving international cooperation and peace. Nevertheless, these obstacles are not insurmountable and an awareness of them can help in the development of strategies to increase the chances of lasting peace and security.
Dr. Bill von Hippel grew up in Anchorage, got his B.A. at Yale and his PhD at the University of Michigan, and then taught for a dozen years at Ohio State University before finding his way to Australia, where he is a professor of psychology at the University of Queensland. He has published more than a hundred academic articles and chapters, and his research has been featured in The New York Times, USA Today,The Economist, the BBC, Le Monde, El Mundo, Der Spiegel, and The Australian
February 6 | World Affairs Council of Inland Southern California | Cyber Threats to America
Mr. Chapa retired from the U.S. Secret Service (USSS), Department of Homeland Security after a more than a 25-year successful career, including Assistant Director and Chief Technology Officer responsible for the Technical Security Division. Mr. Chapa also served as Special Agent in Charge of the Los Angeles field office including leadership over the nation’s premier USSS Electronic Crimes Task Force (ECTF). Since 2012, Tony Chapa has been providing global security services and management throughout the world to a wide range of organizations as Executive Vice President of Nastec International, Inc. He also serves as Executive Director of the Hispanic American Police Command Officers Association and on the Board of Directors of Black Ops Partners, a cybersecurity firm focused on providing "tip of the spear" experience, strategy and capabilities required of Boards of Directors leading major international corporations
February 6 | World Affairs Council of New Hampshire | Global Tipping Points with Dr. Lisbeth Gronlund of the Union of Concerned Scientists
When President Trump entered office, he inherited a nuclear arsenal of some 4,000 weapons and an ambitious plan to replace them with new, more capable versions, at a cost of $1.2 trillion over the next 30 years. He also inherited the sole authority to order a nuclear attack without consulting anyone, and a policy allowing the United States to use nuclear weapons first in a time of crisis.
The Trump administration also plans to deploy two additional types of nuclear weapons. This broadens the scenarios under which the United States could use nuclear weapons first, and it lays out a plan to more tightly integrate US nuclear and conventional forces—including training and exercising with these integrated forces—so US forces can fight even if nuclear weapons have been used.
Some of these changes can take place relatively quickly and others will take years to realize. All will have political repercussions vis-à-vis Russia, China, and the rest of the world.
At the same time, President Trump is dismissive of arms control—which is the only effective approach to nuclear security. He pulled out of the Iran deal, which places significant constraints on Iran’s nuclear power program. He is threatening to withdraw from a US-Russian treaty that eliminates one class of nuclear weapons—the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. He has complained that the 2010 New START agreement that reduces US and Russian nuclear forces is unfair to the United States. On the other hand, he deserves kudos for pursuing an agreement with North Korea—while success is far from guaranteed, it is the only viable approach to addressing the North Korean nuclear weapons program.
The Union for Concerned Scientists will lay out their case for nuclear non-proliferation in an increasingly tense international situation. They will share their views on the Trump Presidency, in regards to this issue, and where they would like to see nuclear policy go.
February 7 | World Affairs (Northern California) | The New Rules of War
Since the end of World War II, the United States has struggled to win wars. This is especially true considering its campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq. With one of the most powerful militaries, it is safe to say the US is not losing combat missions due to a lack of resources or technology. Strategic atrophy, along with an unwillingness to adapt to the changes of warfare, are the main reason the US is not winning.
“War is knowable,” writes Sean McFate, “and half of winning is knowing what it looks like. The bad news is we have forgotten how. Western strategic thought is antiquated and incapable of safeguarding us.” While the US is struggling in this new climate of warfare, other nations, including US adversaries, have already adapted to new strategies and the new rules of war.
What can the US and other Western powers do to be strategically effective again? How has war changed and how might wars be fought in the future?
Sean McFate is professor of strategy at the National Defense University and Georgetown’s School of Foreign Service. McFate will join us to discuss his recent publication, "The New Rules of War: Victory in the Age of Durable Disorder."
February 8 | World Affairs Council of Sonoma County | Where Is Russia Going?
The eternal Russian question has been an enduring focus: Kuda idyot Russiya? Where is Russia going? The answer resides partly in where Russia has been during its incomparably turbulent and harsh century since the Bolshevik revolution. How has it affected the way Russians think, what they want, and how they see us in the West? Understanding Russian perspectives doesn’t mean we’ll agree on their future actions, but it does help us to see our world more clearly.
For decades, Jeremy Kinsman was one of Canada’s top diplomats, serving as Minister in New York (UN) and Washington. After being Political Director of the Foreign Ministry, he was Ambassador to Moscow and Rome, High Commissioner in London, and Ambassador to the EU.
Since his resignation from the Foreign Service in 2006, he has been Visiting Diplomat at Princeton, Regent’s Lecturer at Berkeley and director of an international democracy support program. He is a writer and TV commentator (CTV News) and has also served on Justin Trudeau’s Foreign Policy Council.
February 12 | Utah Council for Citizen Diplomacy | Unexpected Warriors: African American Diplomatic and Military Contributions on the World Stage
The history of African American contributions to America’s foreign policy and freedom have been unexpected, non-traditional, and often overlooked. Learn about some of the diplomacy and combat pioneers who fully embraced what it means to be an American and gladly fought for our stated values and ideals. Learn of their perseverance and sacrifice through the eyes of one amongst them - a diplomat with three siblings who served in the U.S. military. Ambassador Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley will explore the continuum from the first black consuls appointed after the Civil War to the first African American female ambassador to her personal experience of leading a diplomatic mission and surviving a terrorist attack in Saudi Arabia.
February 13 | Windham World Affairs Council | Engaging the World Series
Michael Gilligan has served as President of the Henry Luce Foundation since January 1, 2003. Established in 1936 by Henry R. Luce, co-founder and editor-in-chief of Time, the magazine, the Luce Foundation today includes grant-making programs that support higher education, American art, Asian studies, theology, and women in science and engineering. During his presidency, the Foundation has developed a series of new initiatives: Religion in International Affairs, East Asian Archaeology and Early History, Asian Studies and the Environment, the American Art Renewal Fund and the Luce Fund for Theological Education. From 1998 to 2003, Dr. Gilligan directed the Luce Foundation’s Theology Program, which promotes theological education, scholarship and leadership development. Before coming to the Foundation, he served the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada in accrediting and leadership education. Earlier, Dr. Gilligan was Academic Dean and Professor of English at Pontifical College Josephinum in Columbus, Ohio.Michael Gilligan received his B.A. summa cum laude from Duke University, and M.A. and Ph.D. in English from the University of Virginia. Dr. Gilligan serves on the boards of the Council of Independent Colleges, United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia, and Yale University’s Jackson Institute for Global Affairs. He also chairs the Ampersand Institute of Emory & Henry College.
February 14 | World Affairs Council of Orange County | A Conversation with Former Ambassador John Negroponte
February 14 | Indiana Council on World Affairs | Distinguished Speakers - Citizen Diplomacy
Since 1955 the Indiana Council of World Affairs’s Distinguished Speaker Series has brought some of the world’s best minds to Indianapolis for a dinner presentation to discuss international topics of interest. Our events are open to anyone with an interest in international topics - ICWA members and non-members.
Dr. Katherine Brown is the President & CEO of Global Ties US, the largest and oldest citizen diplomacy network in the United States. She is also an Adjunct Assistant Professor at Georgetown University. Previously, Katherine was a Public Policy Manager at Facebook, Inc., where she was also in residence as a Council on Foreign Relations' (CFR) International Affairs Fellow, and served as the Executive Director of the US Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. She received her PhD in communications from Columbia University in 2013. Her book, "Your Country, Our War: The Press and Diplomacy in Afghanistan" will be released by Oxford University Press in March 2019.
February 15 | World Affairs Council of Hilton Head | Canadian and U.S. Relations
Christopher A. Alexander, PC is a Canadian politician and former diplomat. He served as Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration from 2013 to 2015. He represented the electoral district of Ajax-Pickering, Ontario, in the House of Commons of Canada from 2011 to 2015. He was defeated by his Liberal predecessor Mark Holland in the 2015 election.
Alexander spent 18 years in the Canadian Foreign Service, and served as Canada's first resident Ambassador to Afghanistan from 2003 to 2005. Following this he served as a Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan till 2009. After winning his seat in the 2011 election, Alexander was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National Defence. On July 15, 2013, he was appointed Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration.
Alexander earned a B.A. in History and Politics from McGill University in 1989 and an M.A. in Politics, Philosophy, and Economics from Balliol College, Oxford in 1991. He and his wife Hedvig live in Canada with their 2 daughters, Alma and Elizabeth.